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Albert Gleizes et André Lanskoy : Two painters from the School of Paris

This week, focus on the School of Paris with two artists who loved color [Read more]

This week, we present to you two paintings by emblematic artists of the Ecole de Paris: Albert Gleizes (1881-1953) and André Lanskoy (1902-1976). While the first is one of a theorist of Cubism, the second is nicknamed the master of colour.  The School of Paris is the term used to designate the community of artists French and foreigners, who worked in Paris during the first half of the 20th century.

 

Albert Gleizes : Cubism theorist 

This cubist gouache is attributed to Albert Gleizes.  Considered as one of the founding fathers of Cubism, he helped build and develop the movement. Following the example of this work, his cubism style is described as analytical. He breaks down the forms into facets and gives importance to volumes and colours distributed in large flat areas. Some figurative elements remain, such as the female figure in the centre of the work, whose waving hair and breasts are represented by a white and black circle.

 

Albert GLEIZES (attributed to)
Untitled, circa 1935
Gouache on panel
Dimensions: 28.5 x 35.5 cm (without frame)

 

Albert Gleizes is a member of the Section d’Or (“Golden Section”). Also known as the Groupe de Puteaux (or Puteaux Group), the Section d'Or was a group of painters, sculptors, poets and critics associated with Cubism and Orphism. Based in the Paris suburbs, the group met regularly at Jacques Villon's home and at Albert Gleizes' studio in Courbevoie. Active from about 1911 to 1914, the members of the collective gained prominence following their controversial participation in the Salon des Indépendants in the spring of 1911. This group exhibition of Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Robert Delaunay, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Marie Laurencin created a scandal that brought Cubism to the attention of the general public. A year later, Albert Gleizes co-signed the treaty "Du Cubisme" with Jean Metzinger. Thus, Albert Gleizes and the other artists in this collective propose an approach to painting that focuses on the quest for harmony and ideal forms by using the principle of the golden ratio.

 

André Lanskoy : art and paint matter

André Lanskoy is a French artist of Russian origin. He arrived in Paris in 1921 and enrolled at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière where he practiced painting alongside Poliakoff and Calder. He was quickly spotted at the Salon d'Automne. His style, initially figurative, evolved towards abstraction at the end of the 1930s. He produced numerous gouaches in which he revised his conception of the division of space. His works were geometric back then. Lanksoy frees himself completely from figuration by transforming his characters and landscapes into an accumulation of light spots. From the 1950s onwards, he gave great importance to pictorial matter as well as to colour, two essential themes in his work. This gouache, probably executed in the 50's and 60's, is characteristic of the second part of his career with a composition formed by coloured stains and the material which is fully expressed. 

 

André LANSKOY
Untitled
Oil on canvas
Hand-signed by the artist
22,5x15 cm canvas
33,5x41 cm with frame

 

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